1 transmit (a signal) for setting off an appropriate response, as in telecommunication
2 pose a series of questions to; "The suspect was questioned by the police"; "We questioned the survivor about the details of the explosion" [syn: question]
Interrogation or Questioning is interviewing as employed by officers of the Police, Military, and Inquisition.
The interviewed is also referred to as a "source". It is used for getting information from a suspect after a crime scene.
Interviewing is not necessarily to force a confession, but rather to develop sufficient rapport as to prompt the source to disclose valuable information.
Interrogation around the World
USACold War War On Terror Torture is now officially banned from use at Guantanamo Bay and all other U.S. camps for illegal combatants. Army regulations state that such treatment during interrogation crosses the boundary between acceptable methods of gaining information and torture.
US Air Force General Jack L. Rives (Deputy Judge Advocate General) advised a US government task force that many of the extreme methods of interrogation would leave service personnel open to legal sanction in the US and foreign countries.
US officers were previously allowed interrogation techniques classified as torture including:
See also How to Break a Terrorist: Veteran FBI interrogator Jack Cloonan has broken some of al Qaeda’s toughest operatives. In this special interview with FP, he shares some of his methods for making a terrorist tell all. Foreign Policy Television (FPTV) video.
JapanJapan is famous for marathon interrogations, and therefore a high amount of false confessions.
Resistance TrainingResistance training is often a prerequisite for some personnel since prisoners of war (POWs) routinely undergo military interrogation.
Interrogation TechniquesThere are multiple possible methods of interrogation including deception, torture, increasing suggestibility, and using mind-altering drugs.
SuggestibilityThe methods used to increase suggestibility are moderate sleep deprivation, exposure to constant white noise, and using GABAergic drugs such as sodium amytal.
ReidOne notable interrogation technique is the Reid technique. However, the Reid technique (which requires interrogators to watch the body language of suspects to detect deceit) has been criticized http://www.reid.com/educational_info/critictechniquedefend.html for being too difficult to apply across cultures and is impracticable for many law enforcement officers.
DeceptionDeception can form an important part of effective interrogation. In the U.S., there is no law or regulation that forbids the interrogator from lying, from making misleading statements or from implying that the interviewee has already been implicated in the crime by someone else.
TortureInterrogations may involve torture, which is judged to be ineffective at producing accurate information but is effective in getting false confessions which might be useful for political reasons for the officer and organization in question by raising the number of successful investigations.
Movement for increased recording of interrogations in the USCurrently, there is a movement for mandatory electronic recording of all custodial interrogations in the United States. http://www.judiciary.state.nj.us/ "Electronic Recording" describes the process of recording interrogations from start to finish. This is in contrast to a "taped" or "recorded confession," which typically only includes the final statement of the suspect. "Taped interrogation" is the traditional term for this process; however, as analog is becoming less and less common, statutes and scholars are referring to the process as "electronically recording" interviews or interrogations. Alaska, http://www.cfpa.org/issues/issue.cfm/issue/ElectronicRecording.xml Illinois, http://www.law.northwestern.edu/depts/clinic/wrongful/documents/SB15ElectronicRecordingBill.pdf Maine, http://www.mainechiefs.us/223A%20Recording%20of%20Interviews%20of%20Suspects%20in%20Serious%20Crimes.doc, Minnesota, http://www.cfpa.org/issues/issue.cfm/issue/ElectronicRecording.xml and Wisconsin http://www.tjpc.state.tx.us/publications/reviews/05/05-3-25.htm are the only states to require taped interrogation. New Jersey’s taping requirement started on January 1, 2006. http://www.cfpa.org/issues/issue.cfm/issue/ElectronicRecording.xml http://www.judiciary.state.nj.us/notices/2005/n051024a.htm Massachusetts allows jury instructions that state that the courts prefer taped interrogations. See Commonwealth v. DiGiambattista, 813 N.E.2d 516, 533-34 (Mass. 2004). Commander Neil Nelson of the St. Paul Police Department, an expert in taped interrogation, http://www.neilnelson.com has described taped interrogation in Minnesota as the "best thing ever rammed down our throats." http://www.azcentral.com/arizonarepublic/news/articles/1206fbitaping.html
External links and sources
- Interrogation techniques from GlobalSecurity.org
- Limits to Interrogation - The Man In The Snow White Cell, how Nguyen Tai resisted interrogation and torture for years.
interrogate in German: Vernehmung
interrogate in French: Interrogatoire
interrogate in Dutch: Interrogatie
interrogate in Finnish: Poliisikuulustelu
interrogate in Swedish: Förhör
interrogate in Yiddish: אינטעריגאציע
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